Parabolas can also be expressed in this form:
or .
The first is a parabola that opens upward or downward, and the second is a parabola that opens left or right. Sometimes this form is preferred because you can see what the vertex is.
Looking at your equation:
h = k = 0, so the vertex is (0, 0). The x is squared, and the y coefficient is positive, so it opens upward. Solve 4p = 8 to get the focal length, which is 2.
Since the parabola opens upward, the focus would be defined by (h, k + p), or (0, 2). The directrix is an equation of a line, in our case, defined by y = k - p, or y = -2.
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