# Some Basic Logarithims Questions!

• Jun 15th 2009, 08:21 PM
mvho
Some Basic Logarithims Questions!
Ok guys, just brushing up on some review questions and a few have stumped me. Appreciate it if you can help me out WITH HOW you solved the question. Thanks! Now the questions...

1) $\frac {\log_{11} 64}{\log_{11} 16}$

**This one I thought was really easy but I got it wrong... So, If the base is the same (11), can't I just divide 64/16=4? Or, wait, can this be written as:

${\log_{11} 64}$- ${\log_{11} 16}$

So ${\log_{11} 48}$ would be my answer?

2) Simplify
$
ln(a^2-b^2)-ln(a+b)
$

as much as possible.

** This again is a difference question so I can rewrite this as a quotient and solve? Right track?

3) If $
x=e^y.$
write $ye^y$ as a simple function of x.

** I suck at word problems or interpreting you can say. Kind of lost on this one but I am thinking, re write this as an exponential function? Not sure, just throwing it out there!
• Jun 15th 2009, 08:45 PM
yeongil
Quote:

Originally Posted by mvho
Ok guys, just brushing up on some review questions and a few have stumped me. Appreciate it if you can help me out WITH HOW you solved the question. Thanks! Now the questions...

1) $\frac {\log_{11} 64}{\log_{11} 16}$

**This one I thought was really easy but I got it wrong... So, If the base is the same (11), can't I just divide 64/16=4? Or, wait, can this be written as:

${\log_{11} 64}$- ${\log_{11} 16}$

So ${\log_{11} 48}$ would be my answer?

No, neither method is right.
$\frac{\log a}{\log b} \neq \log a - \log b$. You're confusing with
$\log \left(\frac{a}{b}\right) = \log a - \log b$.

\begin{aligned}
\frac{\log_{11} 64}{\log_{11} 16} &= \frac{\log_{11} 4^3}{\log_{11} 4^2} \\
&= \frac{3\log_{11} 4}{2\log_{11} 4} \\
&= \frac{3}{2}
\end{aligned}

01
• Jun 15th 2009, 08:48 PM
yeongil
Quote:

Originally Posted by mvho
2) Simplify
$
ln(a^2-b^2)-ln(a+b)
$

as much as possible.

** This again is a difference question so I can rewrite this as a quotient and solve? Right track?

Yes:

\begin{aligned}
\ln (a^2-b^2)- \ln(a+b) &= \ln \left(\frac{a^2-b^2}{a + b}\right) \\
&= \ln \left(\frac{(a + b)(a - b)}{a + b}\right) \\
&= \ln (a - b)
\end{aligned}

This is all assuming, of course, that everything inside the logarithms are positive numbers.

01
• Jun 15th 2009, 08:50 PM
pickslides
Quote:

Originally Posted by mvho

3) If $
x=e^y.$
write $ye^y$ as a simple function of x.

$x=e^y \Rightarrow y=ln(x)$

now $ye^y = ln(x)e^{ln(x)} = x\times ln(x)$
• Jun 15th 2009, 09:05 PM
mvho
Wow, Thanks alot guys. I feel silly now seeing how simple it is. For question #1, find the same base and solve.

For question #2, I should've caught the difference of squares. It seems obvious now that you have solved it. LOL