# series, sum help

• May 29th 2009, 12:05 PM
Tweety
series, sum help
show that
$\displaystyle\sum_{r=1}^n \frac{r+3}{2} = kn(n+7)$
where K is a rational constant to be found

so I just plug in numbers for 'r' e.g. r=1,2,3 , n and get the sequence 2, 5/2 , 3 ,..... $\frac{ n+3}{2}$

but not sure how to prove it equals the expression $kn(n+7)$
• May 29th 2009, 12:19 PM
Moo
Hello !

The sum can be rewritten this way :

$\frac 12 \sum_{r=1}^n r +\frac 32\sum_{r=1}^n 1$

The first one is known : $\sum_{r=1}^n r=\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$

And $\sum_{r=1}^n 1=n$ (you add n times 1)

So the sum is $\frac{n(n+1)}{4}+\frac{3n}{2}=\frac{n(n+7)}{4}$ (Nod)
• May 29th 2009, 12:20 PM
Plato
$\sum\limits_{r = 1}^n {\frac{{r + 3}}
{2}} = \frac{1}
{2}\sum\limits_{r = 1}^n {r + 3 = \frac{1}
{2}\left[ {\sum\limits_{r = 1}^n r + \sum\limits_{r = 1}^n 3 } \right]}$

$\frac{1}
{2}\left[ {\sum\limits_{r = 1}^n r + \sum\limits_{r = 1}^n 3 } \right] = \frac{1}
{2}\left[ {\frac{{n(n + 1)}}
{2} + 3n} \right] = \frac{1}
{2}\left[ {\frac{{n^2 + 7n}}
{2}} \right] = \frac{1}
{4}n\left( {n + 7} \right)$
• May 29th 2009, 02:50 PM
Tweety
[quote]
Quote:

Originally Posted by Moo
Hello !

The sum can be rewritten this way :

$\frac 12 \sum_{r=1}^n r +\frac 32\sum_{r=1}^n 1$

The first one is known : $\sum_{r=1}^n r=\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$

I dont understand it from here, how is this know?

thanks

Quote:

And $\sum_{r=1}^n 1=n$ (you add n times 1)

So the sum is $\frac{n(n+1)}{4}+\frac{3n}{2}=\frac{n(n+7)}{4}$ (Nod)
• May 29th 2009, 02:59 PM
Plato
This is one of the best known and widely used sums: $\sum\limits_{k = 1}^J k = \frac{{J(J + 1)}}{2}$.

If you add J to itself N times you get NJ so: $\sum\limits_{k = 1}^N J = NJ$.

There are several of these special sums that you need to learn.
• May 29th 2009, 03:16 PM
Tweety
Quote:

Originally Posted by Plato
This is one of the best known and widely used sums: $\sum\limits_{k = 1}^J k = \frac{{J(J + 1)}}{2}$.

If you add J to itself N times you get NJ so: $\sum\limits_{k = 1}^N J = NJ$.

There are several of these special sums that you need to learn.

Then there must be an easier way of doing this, becasue I have not learnt any of the above stuff mentioned.

could I not just take the first term, 2 and the common difference 1/2 and use the formaul for the sum of an artihmetic series?

$S_{n} = \frac{n}{2}[2a+(n-1)d]$

would that be correct ?
• May 30th 2009, 07:25 AM
HallsofIvy
Yes, of course you can. But your original post gave no clue that you knew that formula so responders were telling you how to do it without that formula. In fact, that formula is derived by just the method they describe.