My question is this. Is there a math course, or series of courses, that teaches one how to go from a set of scientiffically obtained data to a desciptive function of that data. Example: F=MA, how did newton go from expermentally obtained numbers to this equation. I wish to know how to figure out what operations to preform on the numbers (+,-,*,^,and so forth), how to determine constants, using trig. and hyperbolic operations, ect. It seems that this is important and I was wondering how to do it.