A shipping company owns a fleet of heavy trucks if the purchase price of each truck is $245,000 nad its value depreciates by 15% per year, what ist he value of each truck after 4 years?
T(x) is the value at any given value of n
T(0) is the value at x=0 (ie original value)
x is the factor of depreciation (x>0 for inflation)
n = number, in this case years.
plug in your numbers,
T(0) = 245,000
x = -0.15
n = 4
I'll try and explain a bit here:
the (1+x)^n is because it is gaining/losing a constant amount each year over n years. If was different amounts each time you'd get (1+a)(1+b)(1+c)... and there would be n sets of brackets. However, because it's the same we get (1+x)(1+x)(1+x) n times which is (1+x)^n.
At n=0 for example we get and since a^0 = 1 we get T(x)=T(0) which is what we'd expect from the definitions. As n increase the importance of the (1+x)^n term will increase and it will rapidly exceed T(0), while it will never reach 0 it will become worthless as it'd drop below a cent.
We can use the depreciation formula , where V will represent the present day value after 4 years (x) at a depreciation rate of 15% (r).
Or, you could just depreciate 15% a year for 4 years and see what the resulting value would be.
[End of Year 1]
[End of Year 2]
[End of Year 3]
[End of Year 4]