# Exponential Graph help? (Word Problem) 2

• Mar 6th 2009, 11:20 AM
puzzledwithpolynomials
Exponential Graph help? (Word Problem) 2
A shipping company owns a fleet of heavy trucks if the purchase price of each truck is $245,000 nad its value depreciates by 15% per year, what ist he value of each truck after 4 years? • Mar 6th 2009, 12:22 PM e^(i*pi) Quote: Originally Posted by puzzledwithpolynomials A shipping company owns a fleet of heavy trucks if the purchase price of each truck is$245,000 nad its value depreciates by 15% per year, what ist he value of each truck after 4 years?

If you imagine that it loses 15% each year then after no time it is at full value, then after one year it is t(1-0.15) and after two t(1-.15)(1-.15) and so after n years we get:

$\displaystyle T(x) = T(0)(1+x)^n$

T(x) is the value at any given value of n
T(0) is the value at x=0 (ie original value)
x is the factor of depreciation (x>0 for inflation)
n = number, in this case years.

T(0) = 245,000
x = -0.15
n = 4

$\displaystyle T(t) = 245000\cdot(1-0.15)^4 = 127891.53$

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I'll try and explain a bit here:

$\displaystyle T(x) = T(0)(1+x)^n$

the (1+x)^n is because it is gaining/losing a constant amount each year over n years. If was different amounts each time you'd get (1+a)(1+b)(1+c)... and there would be n sets of brackets. However, because it's the same we get (1+x)(1+x)(1+x) n times which is (1+x)^n.
At n=0 for example we get $\displaystyle T(x) = T(0)(1+x)^0$ and since a^0 = 1 we get T(x)=T(0) which is what we'd expect from the definitions. As n increase the importance of the (1+x)^n term will increase and it will rapidly exceed T(0), while it will never reach 0 it will become worthless as it'd drop below a cent.
• Mar 6th 2009, 12:32 PM
masters
Quote:

Originally Posted by puzzledwithpolynomials
A shipping company owns a fleet of heavy trucks if the purchase price of each truck is $245,000 nad its value depreciates by 15% per year, what ist he value of each truck after 4 years? Hi puzzle, We can use the depreciation formula$\displaystyle V=a(1-r)^x$, where V will represent the present day value after 4 years (x) at a depreciation rate of 15% (r).$\displaystyle V=245000(1-.15)^4\displaystyle V=127891.53$Or, you could just depreciate 15% a year for 4 years and see what the resulting value would be. [End of Year 1]$\displaystyle 245000 - .15(245000) = 208250$[End of Year 2]$\displaystyle 208250 - .15(208250) = 177012.50$[End of Year 3]$\displaystyle 177012,50 - .15(177012.50)=150460.625$[End of Year 4]$\displaystyle 150460.625-.15(150460.625)=127891.5313\$