1. [SOLVED] exponential function

I've been trying to do this exercise for a while , and the only result I've gotten is 440. Can someone help me. Thanks in advance!

At the beginning of an experiment, a culture contains 200 bacteria. An hour later there are 205 bacteria. Assuming that the bacteria grow exponentially, How many will there be after 2 day?

2. Originally Posted by vance
I've been trying to do this exercise for a while , and the only result I've gotten is 440. Can someone help me. Thanks in advance!

At the beginning of an experiment, a culture contains 200 bacteria. An hour later there are 205 bacteria. Assuming that the bacteria grow exponentially, How many will there be after 2 day?
The quantity of bacteria at time $t$ should be of the form $f(t)=ke^{at}.$ Let's use hours as the unit for $t\text.$

From the problem statement, we have

$f(0) = 200\Rightarrow ke^{0a}=200\Rightarrow k=200\text.$

So $f(t) = 200e^{at}\text.$ Then, from the second condition given, we know that

$f(1)=205\Rightarrow200e^a=205\Rightarrow e^a=\frac{205}{200}=\frac{41}{40}$

$\Rightarrow a=\ln\left(\frac{41}{40}\right)\text.$

Thus, we have $f(t)=200e^{t\ln(41/40)}=200\left(\frac{41}{40}\right)^t,$ so

$f(48) = 200\left(\frac{41}{40}\right)^{48}\approx654.30\te xt{ bacteria.}$

3. Originally Posted by vance
I've been trying to do this exercise for a while , and the only result I've gotten is 440. Can someone help me. Thanks in advance!

At the beginning of an experiment, a culture contains 200 bacteria. An hour later there are 205 bacteria. Assuming that the bacteria grow exponentially, How many will there be after 2 day?
First, remember that your times must be in the same units. In other words, either use days or hours. You are given times of 1 hour and 2 days. You can either calculate how many days 1 hour is equal to or how many hours are in two days. I would personally use the latter.

$f(t) = Pe^{rt}$

$f(0) = 200e^{0r} = 200$

You need to figure out the rate.

$205 = 200e^{1r}$

$1.025 = e^{r}$

$r = ln(\frac{205}{200})$

So for 48 hours:

$f(48) = 200e^{(\frac{205}{200})(48)}$

$f(48) = 654.3$

4. Thanks Guys!!!

5. You don't HAVE to use "e" for exponential problems. Saying that the growth is exponential tells us that $f= ab^t$. Since $b^0= 1$ for all b, $f(0)= a= 200$. Taking t in hours, when t= 1 we have [tex]f(t)= 200b= 205[tex] so $b= \frac{205}{200}= \frac{41}{40}$. After 48 hours, there are
$f(48)= 200b^{48}= 200b^{48}= 200(\frac{41}{40})^{48}= 200(3.27148956)= 654$ bacteria.