Question: Find the perpendicular bisector of the line segment with endpoints (5,2) and (-3,6).
I don't remember the procedure to do this.
There is more than one bisector, so there is no unique solution to this. The key is that slope of the perpendicular bisector (m2) is the negative inverse of the slope of the line (m1), ie. $\displaystyle m_2 = -\frac{1}{m_1}$.
For example, the slope of your line is:
$\displaystyle m = \frac{6 - 2}{-3 -5} = \frac{3}{-8} = -\frac{3}{8}$
So the slope of the perpendicular bisector is
$\displaystyle m' = - \frac{1}{m} = - \frac{1}{- \frac{3}{8} } = \frac{8}{3}$
-Dan
Hello, adam,
I'm not quite sure if I found the right explanation:
Perpendicular bisector passes through the midpoint of the line and has the perpendicular direction:
M((5+(-3))/2,(2+6)/2). So M(1,4)
The slope of the perpendicular bisector has been calculated by topsquark.
Now use point-slope-formula of a straight line:
$\displaystyle \frac{y-4}{x-1}=\frac{8}{3}$. Solve for y:
$\displaystyle y = \frac{8}{3} \cdot x+\frac{4}{3}$
EB