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Math Help - Write the expression as the logarithm of a single quantity

  1. #1
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    Write the expression as the logarithm of a single quantity

    Hello,

    The problem is this:
    2[ln(x) - ln(x + 1) - ln(x - 1)]

    I know to distribute the 2 first:
    2ln(x) - 2ln(x+1) - 2ln(x-1)

    Then take the 2 and make it an exponent:
    ln(x)^2 - ln(x+1)^2 - ln(x-1)^2

    I know at this point since subtraction is being used we will divide each so:

    ln[ x^2 / (x+1)^2] - ln(x-1)^2

    I am lost right there and not sure what to do next. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
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  2. #2
    Senior Member mollymcf2009's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by x0ne View Post
    Hello,

    The problem is this:
    2[ln(x) - ln(x + 1) - ln(x - 1)]

    I know to distribute the 2 first:
    2ln(x) - 2ln(x+1) - 2ln(x-1)

    Then take the 2 and make it an exponent:
    ln(x)^2 - ln(x+1)^2 - ln(x-1)^2

    I know at this point since subtraction is being used we will divide each so:

    ln[ x^2 / (x+1)^2] - ln(x-1)^2

    I am lost right there and not sure what to do next. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
    When you have a fraction divided by a fraction, you can multiply the top by the reciprocal of the bottom.

    \frac{\frac{x}{x+1}}{x-1}

    \frac{x}{x+1} \cdot \frac{1}{x-1}

    Can you get it from there?
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by mollymcf2009 View Post
    When you have a fraction divided by a fraction, you can multiply the top by the reciprocal of the bottom.

    \frac{\frac{x}{x+1}}{x-1}

    \frac{x}{x+1} \cdot \frac{1}{x-1}

    Can you get it from there?
    Alright. So in my case my problem would now turn into:

    \frac{x^2}{(x+1) (x+1)} \cdot \frac{1}{(x-1) (x-1)}

    Would that be the proper format?
    Last edited by x0ne; February 15th 2009 at 06:40 PM. Reason: attempting to use math tags
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  4. #4
    Senior Member mollymcf2009's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by x0ne View Post
    Alright. So in my case my problem would now turn into:

    \frac{x^2}{(x+1) (x+1)} \cdot \frac{1}{(x-1) (x-1)}

    Would that be the proper format?

    No, you are just multiplying the top by the reciprocal of the bottom to get rid of your big fraction. It's just to simplify it.

    You divided your first two logs correctly, then you needed to divide that by the last subtracted log, from your logs rules, right?

    \frac{x}{x+1} \cdot \frac{1}{x-1}
    <br />
= \frac{x}{x^2-1}

    So your log will look like this:

    ln(\frac{x}{x^2-1})^2

    Does that make sense to you?
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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by mollymcf2009 View Post
    No, you are just multiplying the top by the reciprocal of the bottom to get rid of your big fraction. It's just to simplify it.

    You divided your first two logs correctly, then you needed to divide that by the last subtracted log, from your logs rules, right?

    \frac{x}{x+1} \cdot \frac{1}{x-1}
    <br />
= \frac{x}{x^2-1}

    So your log will look like this:

    ln(\frac{x}{x^2-1})^2

    Does that make sense to you?
    Yep. I see what you did. Because everything was being squared there was no need to represent it twice. Instead use one of the values, solve the equation and put the exponent back.
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