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Math Help - by inspection

  1. #1
    Faz
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    by inspection

    find the determinant of the matrices below by inspection.give your reason in each case



    C=

    row1 a b c
    row2 0 e f
    row3 0 0 d



    and



    D=

    row 1 3 0 0
    row 2 0 -2 0
    row3 0 0 -1

    plse assist on how to do the above by inspection?
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Faz View Post
    find the determinant of the matrices below by inspection.give your reason in each case
    C=

    row1 a b c
    row2 0 e f
    row3 0 0 d

    and

    D=

    row 1 3 0 0
    row 2 0 -2 0
    row3 0 0 -1

    plse assist on how to do the above by inspection?
    Well. The first term in the determinant for the first matrix is multiplying a, by the determinant of the diagonal matrix:

    e f
    0 d

    Reconising that the zero is there should allow you to 'by inspection' rhyme off the first term as aed. Then the 2nd and third elements of the first column are 0, meaning that the 2nd two terms are 0. Determinant is aed.

    In the 2nd matrix, you realise that in the firt term you are multiplying 3 by the diagonal matrix:

    -2 0
    0 -1

    You should realise straight away that your first term is 3(-2)(-1) = 6, and again the 2nd and third elements of the first column are 0, meaning that the 2nd two terms are 0. Determinant is 6.
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by Faz View Post
    find the determinant of the matrices below by inspection.give your reason in each case



    C=

    row1 a b c
    row2 0 e f
    row3 0 0 d



    and



    D=

    row 1 3 0 0
    row 2 0 -2 0
    row3 0 0 -1

    plse assist on how to do the above by inspection?
    Both answered here: http://www.mathhelpforum.com/math-he...nantqnine.html

    (It looks like you, mathseek and trythis all have the same problems. Try reading each others posts first)
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  4. #4
    MHF Contributor

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    Quote Originally Posted by Faz View Post
    find the determinant of the matrices below by inspection.give your reason in each case



    C=

    row1 a b c
    row2 0 e f
    row3 0 0 d



    and



    D=

    row 1 3 0 0
    row 2 0 -2 0
    row3 0 0 -1

    plse assist on how to do the above by inspection?
    Because of the "expansion by minors" as Mush did, the determinant of any "triangular matrix" (only 0s below the main diagonal) is just the product of the numbers on the main diagonal.
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  5. #5
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    Hello, Faz!

    Find the determinant of the matrices below by inspection.

    (1)\;\;C\;=\;\begin{bmatrix}a & b & c \\ 0 & e & f \\ 0 & 0 & d\end{bmatrix}
    Evaluate by "minors", going down the first column.

    C \;=\;a\cdot\begin{bmatrix}e&f\\0&d\end{bmatrix} - 0\cdot\begin{bmatrix}b&c\\0&d\end{bmatrix} + 0\cdot\begin{bmatrix}b&c\\e&f\end{bmatrix} \;=\;a(ed-0) - 0 + 0 \;=\;aed




    (2)\;\;D\;=\;\begin{bmatrix}3 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & \text{-}2 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & \text{-}1 \end{bmatrix}
    Evaluate by "minors", going across the first row.

    D \;=\;3\cdot\begin{bmatrix}\text{-}2&0\\0&\text{-}1 \end{bmatrix} - 0\cdot \begin{bmatrix}0&0\\0&\text{-}1\end{bmatrix} + 0 \cdot\begin{bmatrix}0&\text{-}2\\0&0\end{bmatrix} \;=\;3(2-0) - 0 + 0 \;=\;6

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