1. ## exponential word problems

1.) Art Forgery. A painting attributed to Vermeer (1632 - 1675), a famous dutch painter, w/c should contain no more than 96.2% of its original carbon-14 contains 99.5% instead. About how old is the forgery? ( Carbon dating is a common technique of knowing or estimating the age of an object through its carbon content that undergoes a very slow decaying process)

2.) Polonium - 210. The half-life of polonium is 140 days, but your sample will not be useful to you after 95% of the radioactive nuclei present on the day the sample arrives has disintegrated. For about how many days after the sample arrives will you be able to use the polonium? ( 1st, research on the meaning and equation of half-life" before proceeding to solve this problem

3.) A beam of unknown temperature. An aluminum beam was brought into a machine shop where the temperature was held at 65 degrees F. After 10 minutes, the beam's temperature was 35 degrees F and after another 10 minutes it was 50 degrees Farenheight. Use Newton's Law of cooling to estimate the beam's initial temperature.

(The formula is T - Ts = ( To - Ts) e ^ -kt
where T is the temperature of the hot object at time t, Ts is the surrounding temperature that is assumed constant, To is the value of T at time zero and k is called the heat transfer coefficient, also a constant. The equation is also applicable to the case of a warming object.)

Very Sorry for being abusive!!

2. ## 1rst problem only

1.) Art Forgery. A painting attributed to Vermeer (1632 - 1675), a famous dutch painter, w/c should contain no more than 96.2% of its original carbon-14 contains 99.5% instead. About how old is the forgery? ( Carbon dating is a common technique of knowing or estimating the age of an object through its carbon content that undergoes a very slow decaying process)...
Hi,

the relative amount p of C14 can be calculated by:

p = 100*e^(k*t) . t is a variable for the time. In case of Vermeer I take t = 350 years.

First you have to calculate k:

96.2 = 100 * e^(k*350), thus k = ln(.962) / 350 ≈ -0.000110688...

Now you can calculate how old the picture in question is:

99.5 = 100 * e^(-0.000110688*t). Solve for t:

t = ln(0.995) / (-0.000110688) ≈ 45 years

tschüss

EB

3. ## 2nd problem only

1.) ...

2.) Polonium - 210. The half-life of polonium is 140 days, but your sample will not be useful to you after 95% of the radioactive nuclei present on the day the sample arrives has disintegrated. For about how many days after the sample arrives will you be able to use the polonium? ( 1st, research on the meaning and equation of half-life" before proceeding to solve this problem
...
Hi,

with exponential decay use the formula:

A(t) = A(0) * e^(k * t). A(t) is the amount of the material at the time t, k is a constant, which describes the speed of decay.

0.5 = 1 * e^(k * 140). Solve for k = ln(0.5) / 140 = -ln(2) / 140

Now you can calculate the time:

0.05 = 1 * e^((-ln(2) / 140) * x). Solve for x = ln(0.05) / (-ln(2) / 140) ≈ 605 days

tschüss

EB

4. ## final lap

1.)...
3.) A beam of unknown temperature. An aluminum beam was brought into a machine shop where the temperature was held at 65 degrees F. After 10 minutes, the beam's temperature was 35 degrees F and after another 10 minutes it was 50 degrees Farenheight. Use Newton's Law of cooling to estimate the beam's initial temperature.

(The formula is T - Ts = ( To - Ts) e ^ -kt
where T is the temperature of the hot object at time t, Ts is the surrounding temperature that is assumed constant, To is the value of T at time zero and k is called the heat transfer coefficient, also a constant. The equation is also applicable to the case of a warming object.)
Hi,

Use the given formula, you'll get 2 equations:

35 - 65 = (T(0)-65)*e^(-k*10)
50 - 65 = (T(0)-65)*e^(-k*20)

Now divide the sides of th first equation by the corresponding sides of the 2nd equation:

2 = e^(k*10), thus k = ln(2) / 10 ≈ 0.0693...

Now you can calculate T(0):

35 - 65 = (T(0)-65)*e^(-0.0693*10)

-30 + 65*e^(-0.693) = T(0)*e^(-0.693).

Solve this equation for T(0). I leave this part for you.

(You should come up with 37.

tschüss

EB
Very Sorry for being abusive!!
Are you certain?

5. Thanks very much!!!