1. ## Carban decay.. :(

i know that the formula is A(t)= Ao-e^-kt ...
but how do i do this:?
the half life of carbon-14 is 5750 years. a scroll is found that has lost 22.3% of its carbon-14. How old is the scroll...?
Thanx

2. Originally Posted by ijleyton
i know that the formula is A(t)= Ao-e^-kt ...
but how do i do this:?
the half life of carbon-14 is 5750 years. a scroll is found that has lost 22.3% of its carbon-14. How old is the scroll...?
Thanx
if the half life is 5750, this means that $k = \frac {\ln 2}{5750}$

so your equation becomes: $A(t) = A_0e^{- ( \ln 2)t/5750}$

now, we ar econcerned with the time when there is 77.7% remaining, thus we need to solve $0.777A_0 = A_oe^{-( \ln 2)t/5750}$ for $t$

i leave the rest to you

3. uhm, i dont know if i did this right but the 'e' and 'ln' cancel right?
and should i get 2233,875?

4. Originally Posted by ijleyton
uhm, i dont know if i did this right but the 'e' and 'ln' cancel right?
and should i get 2233,875?
it is true that $e^{\ln x} = x$, but that is a totally different situation from what we have here. we have something like $e^{-( \ln x)/K}$, different things come into play here. that being said, your answer is incorrect. don't try anything fancy, just take the $\ln$ of both sides and work it out using regular algebraic manipulation. because you would need to change the function a bit to use the $e^{\ln x} = x$ rule, and to me, it's not worth it here.

5. so: k=(about) -1.2054 x 10^-4 and
.777= e ^kt --> ln both sides
ln (.777) = ln (e ^kt) --> Today i friend old me you could bring the kt down like:
ln (.777) = Kt ln(e) --> If thats correct then t = 2093.077..
is that right :-s?

Edit: If bringing down the exponent is right can someone explain why you're allowed to do that?

6. so: k=(about) -1.2054 x 10^-4 and
.777= e ^kt --> ln both sides
ln (.777) = ln (e ^kt) --> Today i friend old me you could bring the kt down like:
ln (.777) = Kt ln(e) --> If thats correct then t = 2093.077..
is that right :-s?

Edit: If bringing down the exponent is right can someone explain why you're allowed to do that?
You can indeed bring the exponent down. The definition of a log is:
if $y = x^n$ then $n = \log_x(y)$

$y = x^n$ also implies that $y^p = x^{np}$, so $\log_x(y^p) = np
$

but $n = \log_x(y)$ so $\log_x(y^p) = p\log_x(y)$