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Math Help - Determining a polynomial function based off numerous conditions

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    Determining a polynomial function based off numerous conditions

    Find the polynomial function f(x) of the least degree that all coefficients of f are integers, all roots of f are integers, f(0) = -1 and f(3) = 128. Write f(x) as a polynomial in standard form.

    The work I have done so far is figuring out that it is impossible to have a working function of a degree of 2 since there will be non-integer roots with anything other than x^2 -1, which clearly does not work.

    I moved on to a degree of 3 by saying 27a + 9b + 3c = 129, which turns into 9a + 3b + c = 43. I got stuck here. Somebody told me I should solve the problem in trinary, but I was unsure how to proceed with that suggestion.
    How would one go about this problem?
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    Re: Determining a polynomial function based off numerous conditions

    Quote Originally Posted by ShadowKnight8702 View Post
    Find the polynomial function f(x) of the least degree that all coefficients of f are integers, all roots of f are integers, f(0) = -1 and f(3) = 128. Write f(x) as a polynomial in standard form.

    The work I have done so far is figuring out that it is impossible to have a working function of a degree of 2 since there will be non-integer roots with anything other than x^2 -1, which clearly does not work.

    I moved on to a degree of 3 by saying 27a + 9b + 3c = 129, which turns into 9a + 3b + c = 43. I got stuck here. Somebody told me I should solve the problem in trinary, but I was unsure how to proceed with that suggestion.
    How would one go about this problem?
    Two notes here:
    1) Dividing 9a + 3b + c = 43 by 9 gives some restrictions on b and c. Can this even be done?

    2) f(0) = - 1 is one root. But it might also be a double root. You need to check this case as well.

    I'd suggest a slightly different procedure for your problem. Don't express f(x) = ax^n + .... + d. Use f(x) = a(x - b)(x - c).... and restrict a, b, c,... as integers.

    -Dan
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