http://i.imgur.com/TeW1TELh.jpg
I'm not sure how to do these word questions...
My attempt:
150x + 200x - 600 = 0
I suck at this, any help would be great! Thanks!
http://i.imgur.com/TeW1TELh.jpg
I'm not sure how to do these word questions...
My attempt:
150x + 200x - 600 = 0
I suck at this, any help would be great! Thanks!
Think as travelling north as travelling in the y-plane, and travelling west as in the x-plane.
$\displaystyle speed = \frac {distance}{time} $
(or more correctly)
$\displaystyle velocity = \frac{displacement}{time}$
After 2 hours, the first plane will have travelled 300km. (150x2)
We can model this as y = 300 + 150t, where t is the time in hours
After 2 hours, second plane will have just taken off and therefore travelled 0km.
We can model this as x = 200t, where t is the time in hours.
Now, think of this as a vector triangle question like in physics. This way we have a right-angled triangle, and we want the hypotenuse (the distance between the two planes) to be 600km.
Therefore we have:
$\displaystyle x^2 + y^2 = 600^2$
$\displaystyle (200t)^2 + (300 + 150t)^2 = 600^2$
Now we solve for $\displaystyle t$:
$\displaystyle 40000t^2 + 90000 + 90000t + 22500t^2 = 360000$
simplifying:
$\displaystyle 400t^2 + 900 + 900t + 225t^2 = 3600$
$\displaystyle 80t^2 + 180 + 180t + 45t^2 = 720$
$\displaystyle 125t^2 + 180t - 540 = 0$
$\displaystyle 25t^2 + 36t - 108 = 0$
Using a calculator to quickly solve the quadratic:
t = 1.48 hours or t = -2.92 hours
since t cannot be negative, t must be 1.48 hours (or 1.5 hours to the nearest tenth of an hour).
This is just a solution to the problem. There may (and hopefully should) be a much easier way to solve it, maybe given as an example somewhere in your book. If not, I hope this helps.