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Help with summation
Hello all,
I would like to ask what is probably a simple question for you all... *blush*
I am having some trouble understanding the notation of an equation used to calculate the timing of the seasonal peak of plankton.
Here it is: (I am afraid I am unfamiliar with TeX, so I will simply paste an image of the equation...)
(Central Tendency, T)
Attachment 27290
Where x_{m} is the mean abundance in month M (January=1, Feb=2,...,Dec=12)
I understand that the denominator is simply SUM from 1 to 12 the mean abundance i.e. X1 + X2... +X12. I don't understand the M.xm part, though; does the full stop/period/dot represent a multiplication...?
Apologies if this is all elementary...
Many thanks in advance for any help offered :)
I have realised this is in the incorrect subforum and have reposted it in the algebra subforum. Apologies.

Re: Help with summation
The summation you posted actually makes no sense. Since the terms in the sums are dependent on m and not i then the sum on the top evaluates to and the bottom to , where M and are constants.
If instead the expression is
then this can be interpreted as a weighted average over the months of the year, letting be a variable dependent on m running from 1 (January) to 12 (December)
Expanding we would get

Re: Help with summation