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Math Help - Limit

  1. #1
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    Limit

    \lim_{n\rightarrow \infty } (-1)^n n \sin({\pi \sqrt{n^2+\frac{2}{3}n+1}})  \sin(\frac{1}{n})
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  2. #2
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    Re: Limit

    Hey rozuut.

    I'm not sure if you have to use delta-epsilon or not, but you can use the fact that 2*sin(theta)*cos(theta) = sin(2*theta) and show that if theta doesn't converge then neither does the limit.

    You will have to also partition (-1)^n * n with the other term as well, but the above is my suggestion to showing that it doesn't exist (you can show that (-1)^n also doesn't exist by writing it as a trig term of cos(pi*n) = (-1)^n).
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  3. #3
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    Re: Limit

    Hello, rozuut!

    I have some ideas to get you started . . .


    \displaystyle\lim_{n\to\infty}\left[ (\text{-}1)^n\cdot n\cdot \sin\left(\pi \sqrt{n^2+\tfrac{2}{3}n+1}}\right)\cdot\sin\left( \tfrac{1}{n}\right)\right]

    We have: . \lim_{n\to\infty}\left[(\text{-}1)^n\cdot \sin\left(\pi \sqrt{n^2+\tfrac{2}{3}n+1}\right) \cdot \frac{\sin\left(\frac{1}{n}\right)}{\frac{1}{n}} \right]

    . . =\;\lim_{n\to\infty}(\text{-}1)^n\cdot\lim_{n\to\infty} \sin\left(\pi \sqrt{n^2+\tfrac{2}{3}n+1}\right) \cdot \lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{\sin\left(\frac{1}{n}\right  )}{\frac{1}{n}}


    The first limit fluctuates between +1 and -1.

    The second limit is the sine of a large multiple of \pi.
    . . . . \lim_{m\to\infty}\sin(m\pi)
    The third limit is 1: . \lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{\sin(\frac{1}{n})}{\frac{1}  {n}} \;=\;\lim_{k\to0}\frac{\sin k}{k} \;=\;1

    Can you continue?
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