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Math Help - Help with Complex Numbers

  1. #1
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    Help with Complex Numbers

    Hi,
    I need help with this task:

    Given that z_1=1+2i and   z_2 =-3i find (\frac{\bar {z_2}}{z_1})^6.

    My solution so far

    (\frac{\bar {z_2}}{z_1})= \frac{3i}{1+2i}=\frac{3i(1-2i)}{(1+2i)(1-2i)}=\frac{3i+6}{1+4}=\frac{6+3i}{5}

    Now I need to find a trigonometric form

     |z|=\sqrt{(\frac{6}{5})^2+(\frac{3}{5})^2}=\frac{3  \sqrt{5}}{5}

    \varphi=arctg\frac{\frac{3}{5}}{\frac{6}{5}}=arctg  \frac{1}{2}
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  2. #2
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    Re: Help with Complex Numbers

    Quote Originally Posted by lidia View Post
    Hi,
    I need help with this task:

    Given that z_1=1+2i and   z_2 =-3i find (\frac{\bar {z_2}}{z_1})^6.

    My solution so far

    (\frac{\bar {z_2}}{z_1})= \frac{3i}{1+2i}=\frac{3i(1-2i)}{(1+2i)(1-2i)}=\frac{3i+6}{1+4}=\frac{6+3i}{5}

    Now I need to find a trigonometric form

     |z|=\sqrt{(\frac{6}{5})^2+(\frac{3}{5})^2}=\frac{3  \sqrt{5}}{5}

    \varphi=arctg\frac{\frac{3}{5}}{\frac{6}{5}}=arctg  \frac{1}{2}
    Yeah, so \displaystyle \begin{align*} \frac{\overline{z_2}}{z_1} = \frac{3\sqrt{5}}{5}\, e^{i\arctan{\frac{1}{2}}} \end{align*}, so

    \displaystyle \begin{align*} \left( \frac{\overline{z_2}}{z_1} \right)^6 &= \left( \frac{3\sqrt{5}}{5} \, e^{i\arctan{\frac{1}{2}}} \right)^6 \\ &= \frac{3^6}{5^3} \, e^{6i\arctan{\frac{1}{2}}} \\ &= \frac{729}{125} \left[ \cos{\left( 6\arctan{\frac{1}{2}} \right)} + i\sin{\left( 6\arctan{\frac{1}{2}} \right)} \right] \\ &= \frac{729}{125} \left( -\frac{117}{125} + \frac{44}{125}\,i \right) \end{align*}
    Thanks from lidia
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  3. #3
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    Re: Help with Complex Numbers

    Consider an equilateral triangle with sides of length 2. All angles have measure \pi/3 radians (60 degrees). If you draw a perpendicular from one vertex to the opposite side, it bisects the opposite side and bisects the angle, giving a right triangle with hypotenuse of length 2, one leg of length 1, and so, by the Pythagorean theorem, the other leg has length \sqrt{3}. The half of the bisected angle, which is opposite the leg of length 1, has measure \pi/6 (30 degrees) so that tan(\pi/6)= \frac{1}{2} and so arctan(1/2)= \pi/6. That is a value a math student should have memorized.
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    Re: Help with Complex Numbers

    Quote Originally Posted by HallsofIvy View Post
    Consider an equilateral triangle with sides of length 2. All angles have measure \pi/3 radians (60 degrees). If you draw a perpendicular from one vertex to the opposite side, it bisects the opposite side and bisects the angle, giving a right triangle with hypotenuse of length 2, one leg of length 1, and so, by the Pythagorean theorem, the other leg has length \sqrt{3}. The half of the bisected angle, which is opposite the leg of length 1, has measure \pi/6 (30 degrees) so that tan(\pi/6)= \frac{1}{2} and so arctan(1/2)= \pi/6. That is a value a math student should have memorized.
    Last time I checked \displaystyle \begin{align*} \tan{\frac{\pi}{6}} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} \end{align*}, NOT \displaystyle \begin{align*} \frac{1}{2} \end{align*}. That would be \displaystyle \begin{align*} \sin{\frac{\pi}{6}} \end{align*}.
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