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Math Help - complex number plane

  1. #1
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    complex number plane

    (a+bi)^2=i What is the squareroot of i solve geometrically in a complex number plane
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    Re: complex number plane

    Quote Originally Posted by kalemale View Post
    (a+bi)^2=i What is the squareroot of i solve geometrically in a complex number plane
    There are two square roots of i: \exp \left( {\frac{{i\pi }}{4}} \right)\& \;\exp \left( {\frac{{ - 3i\pi }}{4}} \right)
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    Re: complex number plane

    I do not really understand how do you get to that?
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    Re: complex number plane

    Quote Originally Posted by kalemale View Post
    (a+bi)^2=i What is the squareroot of i solve geometrically in a complex number plane
    One method:

    \displaystyle \begin{align*} (a + b\,i)^2 &= i \\ a^2 - b^2 + 2ab\,i &= 0 + 1i \\ a^2 - b^2 = 0 \textrm{ and } 2ab &= 1  \end{align*}

    From the second of these equations we have \displaystyle \begin{align*} b = \frac{1}{2a} \end{align*}. Substituting into the first equation we have

    \displaystyle \begin{align*} a^2 - \left(\frac{1}{2a}\right)^2 &= 0 \\ a^2 - \frac{1}{4a^2} &= 0 \\ a^2 &= \frac{1}{4a^2} \\ 4a^4 &= 1 \\ a^4 &= \frac{1}{4} \\ a &= \pm \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \end{align*}

    Back-substituting gives

    \displaystyle \begin{align*} b &= \frac{1}{2\left( \pm \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right) } \\ &= \frac{1}{ \pm \sqrt{2}} \\ &= \pm \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \end{align*}


    Therefore the solutions to your equation are \displaystyle \begin{align*} \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} + \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} i \end{align*} and \displaystyle \begin{align*} -\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} - \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} i \end{align*}.

    These are consistent with the solutions given by Plato, who probably used the Exponential form of each number and Index Laws as an alternative method.
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    Re: complex number plane

    Yeah but I need to solve in a complex number plane. Sorry if I am slow but your solutions is equational?
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    Re: complex number plane

    Quote Originally Posted by kalemale View Post
    I do not really understand how do you get to that?
    Do you understand that \exp(i\theta)=\cos(\theta)+i\sin(\theta)~?

    Do you know how to do \left(\cos(\theta)+i\sin(\theta)\right)^2~?
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    Re: complex number plane

    Quote Originally Posted by kalemale View Post
    Yeah but I need to solve in a complex number plane. Sorry if I am slow but your solutions is equational?
    I don't understand what the problem is. You will always need to use some algebra to at least find one solution. If you wish to use more geometry after that, you can use the fact that there are as many "roots" as its power (i.e. square roots have 2 solutions, cube roots have 3 solutions, fourth roots have 4 solutions, etc) and they are all evenly spaced around a circle centred at the origin.
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    Re: complex number plane

    Thanks for all the help!
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