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Math Help - Exact Values - Inverse Trig Expressions

  1. #1
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    Exact Values - Inverse Trig Expressions

    Okay so this was explained horribly to me in class, so I have no clue what I am doing.

    I am stuck on these problems:
    Sec^-1(1/2)

    Arccos(sin(π/6))

    tan(Csc^-1(2^-1))

    It is asking me for an exact value, however I've never gone through this before and I am only familiar with radians and degrees. Please help.
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor Amer's Avatar
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    Jordan
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    Re: Exact Values - Inverse Trig Expressions

    \sec x = \frac{1}{\cos x}
    I think there is a mistake in the first one
    since if there is x such that \sec ^{-1} \frac{1}{2} = x \Rightarrow sec x = \frac{1}{2}

    so  \cos x = \frac{1}{\sec x } = 2 and there is not any real number x satisfies that

    to solve these things you should know that

    \sin \left(\frac{\pi}{6}\right) = \frac{1}{2} = \cos \left(\frac{\pi}{3} \right)

    \cos \left(\frac{\pi}{6}\right) = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} = \sin \left(\frac{\pi}{3}\right)

    the last one also has a problem
    since if  \csc ^{-1} 2^{-1}= x \Rightarrow \csc x = 2^{-1} = \frac{1}{2}
    and this you give  \sin x = 2 same problem

    second one if you know that sin (pi/6) equal 1/2
    you have to know what is the angle where cos x = 1/2 ?

     \cos ^{-1} (sin \frac{\pi}{6} ) = \cos ^{-1} ( \frac{1}{2}) =
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  3. #3
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    Re: Exact Values - Inverse Trig Expressions

    Again I think it's asking for an exact numerical value for Sec^-1(1/2) as well as the last one.

    I'm not sure how to find exact values of inverses on the unit circle, other than take the first value which arccos or arcsin will be equal to.
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  4. #4
    MHF Contributor Amer's Avatar
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    Re: Exact Values - Inverse Trig Expressions

    for example you know that

     \sin \left( \frac{\pi}{6} \right) = \frac{1}{2}

    if they ask to find

     \sin ^{-1} \left( \frac{1}{2} \right) = \frac{\pi}{6} since the above

    sin , cos is a bounded functions in real field  -1 \leq \sin (x),\cos(x) \leq 1

    and I know that  \sec x = \frac{1}{\cos x }

    so when they ask to find
     \sec ^{-1} \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)

    I begin to let it equal to x then taking the sec function to both sides

     \sec ^{-1} \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)  = x

     \sec \left( \sec ^{-1} \left(\frac{1}{2}\right) \right) = \sec (x)

    but sec is the inverse of sec^-1 and I know that
     f(f^{-1}(x)) = x

    so you will have on the left hand side

     \frac{1}{2} = \sec (x)

    I know that  \sec (x) = \frac{1}{\cos (x) }

     \frac{1}{2} = \frac{1}{\cos (x) }

     \cos (x) = 2

    and there is not any real number like that you can check this here

    i means it is imaginary number not real
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