1. ## Hyperbolas

Could someone please tell me if the following HW problems are correct asap because I was not sure of them and there are no answers in the back of the book. Thanks!

Give the following equations and points find the equation the hyperbola and graph:

1) 9x^(2) -4y^(2)+54x +8y + 78= 0

Answer: -(x+ 3)^(2) / 0.1 + (y-1) ^(2) / 0.25 = 1
or
(y-1) ^(2) / .25 - (x +3 ) ^(2) / 0.1 = 1

2) Focus: (10, 0) Assymptotes: y= +/- 3/4x

Answer: y^(2)/ 9 - x^(2) / 16 = 1

2. Originally Posted by googoogaga
Could someone please tell me if the following HW problems are correct asap because I was not sure of them and there are no answers in the back of the book. Thanks!

Give the following equations and points find the equation the hyperbola and graph:

1) 9x^(2) -4y^(2)+54x +8y + 78= 0

Answer: -(x+ 3)^(2) / 0.1 + (y-1) ^(2) / 0.25 = 1
or
(y-1) ^(2) / .25 - (x +3 ) ^(2) / 0.1 = 1

2) Focus: (10, 0) Assymptotes: y= +/- 3/4x

Answer: y^(2)/ 9 - x^(2) / 16 = 1
For the first one I get:
$-\frac{(x + 3)^2}{\frac{1}{9}} + \frac{(y - 1)^2}{\frac{1}{4}} = 1$
(Use fractions in the denominators. It will work better for you in the long run.)

For the second one:
$-\frac{x^2}{16} + \frac{y^2}{9} = 1$
Graph it to check your work. (See below.)

Everything looks good but the focus. (That little red dot out at (10, 0).) What can you think to do about that?

-Dan

3. Hello, googoogaga!

Don't use decimals . . . and if you must, don't round them!

Give the following equations and points, find the equation of the hyperbola and graph:

1) 9x^2 - 4y^2 + 54x + 8y + 78 = 0

Answer: . -(x+ 3)² / 0.1 + (y-1)² / 0.25 = 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

We have: . $9(x^2 + 6x\qquad) - 4(y^2 - 2y\qquad) \;=\;-78$

Complete the square: . $9(x^2 + 6x \,{\color{blue}+\: 9})\: - 4(y^2-2y \:{\color{red}+\: 1})\;=\;-78 {\color{blue}\:+\: 81}\:{\color{red}\:-\: 4}$

And we have: . $9(x + 3)^2 - 4(y - 1)^2 \;=\;-1\quad\Rightarrow\quad 4(y-1)^2 - 9(x+3)^2\;=\;1$

Therefore: . $\frac{(y-1)^2}{\frac{1}{4}} - \frac{(x+3)^2}{\frac{1}{9}} \;=\;1$

2) Focus: $(10,\,0)$ . Asymptotes: $y \:=\:\pm\frac{3}{4}x$

Answer: . $\frac{y^2}{9} - \frac{x^2}{16} \;=\;1$. . . . no
Since the asymptotes intersect at the origin, the center is at the origin.
Since a focus is on the x-axis, we have a "horizontal" hyperbola.

. . It has the form: . $\frac{x^2}{a^2} - \frac{y^2}{b^2} \:=\:1$

Since the asymptotes are: . $y \:=\:\pm\frac{3}{4}x$, .we have: . $\frac{b}{a} \:=\:\frac{3}{4}\quad\Rightarrow\quad b \:=\:\frac{3}{4}a$

The focal equation is: . $a^2 + b^2 \:=\:c^2$

Since $c = 10$, we have: . $a^2 + \left(\frac{3}{4}a\right)^2 \:=\:10^2\quad\Rightarrow\quad \frac{25}{16}a^2\,=\,100\quad\Rightarrow\quad a \,=\,8$
. . Then: . $b \,=\,6$

The equation is: . $\frac{x^2}{64} - \frac{y^2}{36} \;=\;1$