Re: Complex Analysis - Cube roots of -8

First of all, you'll need a 2, somewhere.

|z| = cis(x/3) really doesn't make quite enough sense. It is as if you ALMOST know where you are going.

Start with $\displaystyle z^{3} = -8 = 8\cdot cis(\pi)$

Just apply the theorem from DeMoivre.

$\displaystyle z = 8^{\frac{1}{3}}\cdot cis\left(\frac{\pi +2k\pi}{3}\right)$ for k = 0, 1, 2

k = 0 leads to $\displaystyle 2\cdot cis(\pi/3)$

k = 1 leads to $\displaystyle 2\cdot cis(\pi)$

k = 2 leads to $\displaystyle 2\cdot cis(5\pi/3)$

One for free. You show us the next one.

Re: Complex Analysis - Cube roots of -8

I think you're right; I ALMOST know where I am going! OK... I began with $\displaystyle 2 cis \pi=0-i\frac {\sqrt{3}}{2} $ which is where I thought I was off track because of the zero in the real part. However, I should have known that was ok because -8 has nothing in the imaginary part... At any rate, moving on, $\displaystyle 2 cis \frac{\pi}{3}=\frac{1}{2} + i \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$ and $\displaystyle 2 cis \frac{5\pi}{3} = \frac{1}{2} - i \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$. But you say one for free and I should show you the next one. Aren't these three roots all of the roots of -8? Thank you so much for your help and your kind attitude.

Re: Complex Analysis - Cube roots of -8

That was one problem for free, not one cube root of -8.

$\displaystyle 2\cdot cis(\pi) = -2 + i\cdot 0$

How are you managing square roots and imaginary values?

Re: Complex Analysis - Cube roots of -8

I think you need to know that $\displaystyle cos(\pi/3)= \frac{1}{2}$ and $\displaystyle sin(\pi/3}= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$.

Re: Complex Analysis - Cube roots of -8

Thank you; I thought that was the end of it! I managed the square roots with imaginary values with a graph of a right triangle and de Moivre's. This one threw me because it was just a line and there was no imaginary value, but you helped me see that it was basically the same as the other; I just had trouble with the angles. Thanks!