# indices

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• Dec 6th 2010, 11:36 AM
sigma1
indices
i have been trying to work this question but i end up with $3^{x+3} - 3 ^{x+1}$

can someone please me what i am doing wrong.
• Dec 6th 2010, 11:39 AM
e^(i*pi)
$9^{x+2} = 9^2 \cdot 9^x$. Similarly, $3^{x+1} = 3 \cdot 3^x$ and $3^{x-1} = 3^{-1} \cdot 3^x$

Which gives $\dfrac{81 \cdot 9^x - 9^x}{3 \cdot 3^x - \dfrac{1}{3} \cdot3^x} = 10(3 \cdot 3^x)$

Factor and use the fact that $9 = 3^2$
• Dec 6th 2010, 11:55 AM
sigma1
thanks for the direction, but i have tried but i seems to be doing something wrong. should i factor out the 9 from the numerator?
• Dec 6th 2010, 12:05 PM
e^(i*pi)
Quote:

Originally Posted by e^(i*pi)
$9^{x+2} = 9^2 \cdot 9^x$. Similarly, $3^{x+1} = 3 \cdot 3^x$ and $3^{x-1} = 3^{-1} \cdot 3^x$

Which gives $\dfrac{81 \cdot 9^x - 9^x}{3 \cdot 3^x - \dfrac{1}{3} \cdot3^x} = 10(3 \cdot 3^x)$

Factor and use the fact that $9 = 3^2$

$\dfrac{(81-1) \cdot 9^x}{3^x \left(3-\dfrac{1}{3}\right)} = \dfrac{80 \cdot 9^x}{\dfrac{8}{3} \cdot 3^x} = 30 \cdot 10^{x}$

Once you do some cancelling you get:

$\dfrac{9^x}{3^x} = 10^{x}$

You know that $9^x = (3^2)^x = 3^{2x}$ so rewrite the equation as

$\dfrac{3^{2x}}{3^x} = 3^x$

$3^x = 10^x$ is trivial and by inspection only $x=0$ would work but you can verify using logarithms
• Dec 6th 2010, 03:37 PM
Soroban
Hello, sigma1!

Quote:

$\text{Simplify: }\:\dfrac{9^{x+2} - 9^x}{3^{x+1} - 3^{x-1}}$

$\text{Numerator: }\;9^{x+2} - 9^x \:=\:(3^2)^{x+2} - (3^2)^x \:=\:3^{2x+4} - 3^{2x}$

. . . . . . . . $=\;3^{2x}(3^4 - 1) \;=\;80\cdot3^{2x}$

$\text{Denominator: }\;3^{x+1} - 3^{x-1} \;=\;3^{x-1}(3^2-1) \;=\;8\cdot3^{x-1}$

$\text{The problem becomes: }\;\dfrac{80\cdot3^{2x}}{8\cdot3^{x-1}} \;=\;10\cdot3^{2x-(x-1)} \;=\;10\cdot3^{x+1}$

• Dec 6th 2010, 03:50 PM
sigma1
thanks alot i understood your steps very clearly...
• Dec 6th 2010, 03:59 PM
Archie Meade
Quote:

Originally Posted by sigma1
i have been trying to work this question but i end up with $3^{x+3} - 3 ^{x+1}$

can someone please me what i am doing wrong.

$\displaystyle\frac{9^{x+2}-9^x}{3^{x+1}-3^{x-1}}=\frac{9^x\left(9^2-1\right)}{3^{x-1}\left(3^2-1\right)}=\frac{3^{2x}\left(9^2-1\right)}{3^{x-1}\left(3^2-1\right)}$

I think you are getting your answer as follows....

$\displaystyle\frac{9^{2x}-9^x}{3^{x+1}-3^{x-1}}=\frac{3^{2x+4}-3^{2x}}{3^{x+1}-3^{x-1}}$

Now you may be subtracting x+1 from 2x+4 and x-1 from 2x which is incorrect.
You can only do it that way if you have factors.