f(x) = sqrt(x3 - 21x2 + 147x)
Show all of your work and explain how you did every step. Include any equations that you used.
If I remember correctly, for a function to have an inverse it has to pass the horizontal line test (A horizontal line drawn on the graph has to correspond to a single value), if you plot this function you will find that it does not pass the horizontal line test. So it cannot have an inverse function.
Hello ericforman65
Welcome to Math Help Forum!Let $\displaystyle y = \sqrt{x^3 - 21x^2 + 147x}$
Then:$\displaystyle y^2 = x^3 - 21x^2 + 147x$If we are to stand any chance of finding the inverse, we must assume that we can find an integer $\displaystyle a$, such that:$\displaystyle (x-a)^3 = x^3 - 21x^2 + 147x -a^3$Expanding the LHS and comparing coefficients gives $\displaystyle a = 7$. So:$\displaystyle y^2 -7^3=(x-7)^3$$\displaystyle \Rightarrow x = (y^2-343)^{\frac13}+7$So the inverse function is:
$\displaystyle f^{-1}(x)=(x^2-343)^{\frac13}+7$Grandad
Thanks so much, but you lost me a little in there. I have to be able to explain every single thing that I did and why I did it in a written response. Could you please explain very much in detail everything that you did after:
$\displaystyle y^2 = x^3 - 21x^2 + 147x$
Thanks for any future response.
PS - The work is perfect and I also don't know what LHS is.
Grandad has given ( he always gives) the best possible explanation. I will try to explain the steps. Lets see if I succeed.
$\displaystyle y^2 = x^3 - 21x^2 + 147x$.................(1)
LHS= Left hand side of the equation. In this case, $\displaystyle y^2$
RHS = Right hand side of the equation. In this case, $\displaystyle x^3 - 21x^2 + 147x$
Do you know that
$\displaystyle (a-b)^{3} = a^{3} - 3.a^{2}.b + 3.a.b^{2}- b^{3}$......(2)
Try to transform RHS into this form.
RHS = $\displaystyle x^{3} - 3.(x^{2})(7) + 3(x)(49)$
If you compare (2) with RHS above, you will see that you can transform RHS
into the form of $\displaystyle (a-b)^3$, where a = x, and b = 7. However,
you have to notice that you do not have $\displaystyle -(7^3)$, which is equal
to 343 on the RHS. So you will have to subtract 343 on both sides of equation(1).
so,
$\displaystyle y^2 - 343 = x^{3} - 3.(x^{2})(7) + 3(x)(49)-343$
Therefore,
$\displaystyle y^2 - 7^3 = (x-7)^3$
$\displaystyle (x-7) = (y^2 - 7^3)^{\frac{1}{3}}$
$\displaystyle x = (y^2 - 7^3)^{\frac{1}{3}} + 7$
which is the inverse of the function