Hi can someone please help me figure this out?

WHen a polynomial is divided by (2x + 1)(x - 3), the remainder is 3x - 1. What is the remainder when the polynomial is divided by 2x +1?

Thanks !

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- Nov 23rd 2009, 09:46 PMipokeyoumore polynomials
Hi can someone please help me figure this out?

WHen a polynomial is divided by (2x + 1)(x - 3), the remainder is 3x - 1. What is the remainder when the polynomial is divided by 2x +1?

Thanks ! - Nov 24th 2009, 06:10 AMGrandad
Hello ipokeyouThe remainder when any polynomial in $\displaystyle x$ is divided by a quadratic in $\displaystyle x$ will be a linear expression in $\displaystyle x$: $\displaystyle ax+b$ (where either or both of $\displaystyle a$ and $\displaystyle b$ may be zero); in other words the remainder will be of degree at most 1.

When it is divided by a linear expression, the remainder will be a constant term (which, again, may be zero).

So let's suppose that the polynomial is $\displaystyle f(x)$ and that the quotient when it is divided by $\displaystyle (2x+1)(x-3)$ is $\displaystyle q(x)$. Then, since we know that the remainder is $\displaystyle 3x-1$, we can write:$\displaystyle f(x) = (2x+1)(x-3)q(x) + 3x -1$which we can write as:$\displaystyle f(x) = (2x+1)(x-3)q(x) + \frac32(2x +1) -\frac32-1$Now when this expression is divided by $\displaystyle (2x+1)$ the quotient will be the polynomial $\displaystyle (x-3)q(x) + \frac32$, and the remainder will be $\displaystyle -\frac52$. So there's your answer: $\displaystyle -\frac52=-2\tfrac12$.$\displaystyle = (2x+1)(x-3)q(x) + \frac32(2x +1) -\frac52$

Grandad