# Thread: Asymptotes of Rational Functions

1. ## Asymptotes of Rational Functions

Find the vertical, horizontal, and oblique asymptotes, if any, of each rational function. Do not graph.

[1] R(x) = (6x^2 + x + 12)/(3x^2 - 5x - 2)

[2] F(x) = (x - 1)/(x - x^3)

2. Originally Posted by fdrhs
[SIZE="3"]Find the vertical, horizontal, and oblique asymptotes, if any, of each rational function. Do not graph.

[1] R(x) = (6x^2 + x + 12)/(3x^2 - 5x - 2)
You need to synthetically divide.
To get,
$\displaystyle 2+\frac{11x+12}{3x^2-5x-2}$
The horizontal asymptotes are the solutions to,
$\displaystyle 3x^2-5x-2=0$

And the vertical asymptotes are $\displaystyle y=2$.
Because the second part,
$\displaystyle \frac{11x+12}{3x^2-5x-2}\approx 0$ for large $\displaystyle x$.

There are no slant asymptotes.

3. ## fdrhs

How did you get y = 2 as the vertical asymptote?

Also, I don't understand the second part.

4. Originally Posted by fdrhs
Find the vertical, horizontal, and oblique asymptotes, if any, of each rational function. Do not graph.

[1] R(x) = (6x^2 + x + 12)/(3x^2 - 5x - 2)...
Hello,

1. To me the vertical asymptotes are perpendicular to the x-axis. You get them if you calculate the zeros of the denominator:

$\displaystyle 3x^2-5x-2=0 \Longleftrightarrow x=\frac{-(-5) \pm \sqrt{(-5)^2-4 \cdot 3 \cdot (-2)}}{2 \cdot 3}$

$\displaystyle x=\frac{5 \pm 7}{6} \Longleftrightarrow x = 2\ \vee \ x=-\frac{1}{3}$

The vertical asymptotes are $\displaystyle x = 2$ and $\displaystyle x=-\frac{1}{3}$

2. To get the horizontal or oblique asymptotes do long division:

Code:
 (6x^2 +   x + 12)  (3x^2 - 5x - 2) = 2
-(6x^2 - 10x -  4)
----------------
11x + 16    <---- remainder
Therefore the equation of your function becomes:

$\displaystyle R(x) = \frac{6x^2 + x + 12}{3x^2 - 5x - 2}=2 + \frac{11x+16}{3x^2 - 5x - 2}$

Now calculate the limit if x approaches positive or negative infinity. You see that the fraction approaches zero in both cases. Thus the asymptote is horizantal and has the equation: y = 2

EB

PS.: Even though you are not allowed to graph the function it isn't such a bad idea to control the calculations by a sketch. But don't show it around!

5. Originally Posted by fdrhs
Find the vertical, horizontal, and oblique asymptotes, if any, of each rational function. Do not graph.
...
[2] F(x) = (x - 1)/(x - x^3)
Hello,

first factor the denominator:

$\displaystyle F(x)=\frac{x-1}{x-x^3}=\frac{x-1}{x(1-x)(1+x)}=\frac{-1}{x(x+1)}\ \wedge \ x \neq 1$

Thus you get 2 vertical asymptotes at x = 0 and x = -1 and a hole at x = 1 that means the graph is punctuated(?).

Because the degree of the nummerator is smaller than the degree of the denominator you get the x-axis as the only horizontal asymptote: y = 0.

EB