In the skull of an animal found in an archaeological dig, it was determined that about 20% of the original amount of carbon-14 was still present. If the half-life of carbon-14 is 5730 years, find the approximate age of the animal.

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- Sep 22nd 2009, 10:32 AMmikegar813Half-life
In the skull of an animal found in an archaeological dig, it was determined that about 20% of the original amount of carbon-14 was still present. If the half-life of carbon-14 is 5730 years, find the approximate age of the animal.

- Sep 22nd 2009, 10:45 AMskeeter
- Sep 22nd 2009, 10:48 AMCalculus26
Let Q(t) denote the amount of C-14

For all half-life prblms

Q(t) = Q(0) e^(-kt)

Where k = ln(2)/halflife

in your prblm

k= ln(2)/5730 = .00012

Q(t) = Q(0) e^(-.00012t)

solve Q(t) = .2Q(0) = Q(0) e^(-.00012t) for t

.2 = e^(-.00012t)

I'll let you finish - Sep 22nd 2009, 10:52 AMmikegar813
i got 13304.6 years does this sound right?

t= (-5730(ln 0.2))/(ln 2) - Sep 22nd 2009, 11:40 AMCalculus26
yes but in reality you wouldn't claim that much accuracy--It would probably be claimed as about 13,000 years