Convention: No sum over repeated indices unless otherwise stated.
Definition: DetA=e(ijk)a1ia2ja3k, sum, e(ijk) is Levi-Civita symbol.
A common “proof”* of detA=detAT, is incorrect. It is:
For Ex, the term
e(312)a13a21a32 becomes e(312)a31a12a23;
to show this is a term of D, you have to rearrange the a’s to get the first indices in numerical order which gives:
e(312)a12a23a31, which is a term of D if e(312) = e(231), which has to be proved in general (for each term).
Given e(ijk)ai1aj2ak3. Rearrange a’s so that first indices are in numerical order. Then:
For every interchange of a pair of a’s, simultaneously change the corresponding indices of the first and second e’s, with the result that:
e(123)e(ijk)ai1aj2ak3 = e(lmn)e(123)a1la2ma3n, or
e(ijk)ai1aj2ak3 = e(lmn)a1la2ma3n
DetAT = e(ijk)ai1aj2ak3 = e(lmn)a1la2ma3n = DetA, sum
Nothing changes for the general case ijk,……
* Determinant of Transpose - ProofWiki