# Math Help - Wolstenholme

1. ## Wolstenholme

Let

1 + 1/2 + 1/3 +...+1/823 = r/s*823.

Without calculating the LHS, prove that r= s (mod 823^3).

2. Put another way,

How do I show that p^3 divides r-s in this instance?

3. ## Wolstenholme's Theorem

Well, if $r=823s\sum_{n=1}^{823}\frac{1}{n}$, then $r-s=823s\sum_{n=1}^{822}\frac{1}{n}$. Since $823$ is prime, by Wolstenholme's Theorem, the numerator of $\sum_{n=1}^{822}\frac{1}{n}$ is divisible by $823^2$ , and by definition, $s$ is the lowest positive integer ensuring the RHS is a whole number, essentially doing the job of canceling all the denominators: $r-s=823s\sum_{n=1}^{822}\frac{1}{n}=823s\frac{N}{D}= 823s\frac{823^2k}{D}=823^3\frac{sk}{D}=823^3s'k$ , for some $s'$ and $k$.

Therefore, the entire RHS is divisible by $823^3$, hence $r \equiv s (\bmod 823^3)$

*Are you asking us to prove Wolstenholme's Theorem or to simply connect the dots enough to make use of this theorem?