Number theory is the properties of integers themselves. Thus, you deal with equations and theorems only about integers. For example, how do you find all positive solutions to $2x + 5y + 11z = 2000$, where $x,y,z$ are integers? Or how do you prove that $x^4+y^4 = z^4$ has no positive solution? You would also talk about prime numbers, since integers can be broken up into primes. And do more theorems about primes. If that would interest you then you can take the course.