# Math Help - Number theory, prime number

1. ## Number theory, prime number

Show that if p is a prime in the arithmetic progression 3n + 1, n=1, 2, 3,..., then it is also in the arithmetic progression 6n + 1, n=1, 2, 3,......

Thanks very much for your help!!!

2. Originally Posted by suedenation
Show that if p is a prime in the arithmetic progression 3n + 1, n=1, 2, 3,..., then it is also in the arithmetic progression 6n + 1, n=1, 2, 3,......

Thanks very much for your help!!!
Suppose p is a prime in the progression 3n+1, n=1, 2, 3... Then there
exists a positive integer k such that:

p=3k+1.

Now if p>=2, then p is odd as the only even prime is 2. Therefore p-1 is
even, so 3k is even, so k is even, so there exists an integer m>0 such that:

p-1=3.2.m=6m,

so for some m>0, p=6m+1, therefore p is in the progression 6n+1, n=1, 2, ..

RonL