(i) Let p the smallest prime divisor of n. Show that there exist integers a, b, such that an+b(p-1)=1
(ii) For every n>1 show that n does not divide (2^n)-1
Please ANY help?
Hint: n and p-1 must be co-prime (because any common factor would have to be less than p, and therefore could not divide n).
(I was totally unable to see how to do this until I realised that you need to use part (i).)
Suppose that n does divide . Let p be the smallest prime divisor of n, then p must divide . In other words, . Since p is prime, it follows from Fermat's Little Theorem that . Then by part (i), , contradiction!
Edit. I forgot to say that that proof doesn't work if p=2 (because 2 and p are not then co-prime, so Fermat's theorem goes wrong!). But the result is obvious when p=2, because n would then be even, and (2^n)-1 is odd.