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  1. #1
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    number theory

    Give a proof that shows where =0,1,2,3... is irrational.

    The idea here is to show that the decimal expansion of x does not terminate or eventually repeat.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by bigb View Post
    Give a proof that shows where =0,1,2,3... is irrational.

    The idea here is to show that the decimal expansion of x does not terminate or eventually repeat.
    Assume that this number, call it x, is rational, then x=\frac{a}{b}. And thus by this it means we can write \frac{a}{b} = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} b_k 10^{-k} where \{ b_k\} is eventually repeating. Therefore, x - \frac{a}{b} =  0 = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} (a_k - b_k)10^{-k}. But the only way to express zero in a decimal expansion is trivially i.e. a_k - b_k = 0 \implies a_k = b_k. But then this implies that \{a_k\} must also be eventually repeating which is a contradiction because it is an increasing sequence. Contradiction.
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