can you help me prove this one

Given m > 0. there are exactly m distinct residue classes modulo m, namely,

[0],[1],[2],...,[m-1]. :)

thank you in advance!

God bless you!

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- Aug 15th 2006, 10:48 PMearlkaizecan u solve this... Residue Classes
can you help me prove this one

Given m > 0. there are exactly m distinct residue classes modulo m, namely,

[0],[1],[2],...,[m-1]. :)

thank you in advance!

God bless you! - Aug 16th 2006, 08:26 AMThePerfectHackerQuote:

Originally Posted by**earlkaize**

Consider the integral domain, $\displaystyle \mathbb{Z}$, regocnize that it is a commutative ring with unity (by definition) therefore you can speak of ideals. Note that for any $\displaystyle m>0$, that the coset $\displaystyle m\mathbb{Z}$ is an ideal in $\displaystyle \mathbb{Z}$. Form a factor ring, $\displaystyle \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}$. And you end with,

$\displaystyle \mathbb{Z}=\{...,-2m,-m,0,m,2m,...\}$

$\displaystyle 1+\mathbb{Z}=\{....,-2m+1,-m,1,m+1,2m+1,...\}$

$\displaystyle 2+\mathbb{Z}=\{...,-2m+2,-m+2,2,m+2,2m+2,...\}$,

....

$\displaystyle (m-1)+\mathbb{Z}=\{...-2m-1,-m-1,-1,m-1,2m-1,...\}$

Note, all the intergers are divided among these cosets. Further, since cosets are equivalence classes they are all disjoint! Proof complete.

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The ring formed by these cosets behaves just like the number under addition modulo $\displaystyle m$, in fact, it is a famous result that you should memorize that,

$\displaystyle \boxed{\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}\cong \mathbb{Z}_m}$ - Aug 16th 2006, 03:09 PMRebesques
Well, consider an integer m. Euclidean division grants us that, for all integers n, there are only m cases for the residue when n is divided by m:

n=km, or n=km+1, or n=km+2,..., or n=km+m-1.

The numbers n included in every case form the residue classes, m in total.

This is the core of the idea, as PH explained (though his tough algebra eludes us!)