Hello,

For question (a): Each number n in the sum is lower than p. So, (n,p)=1.

Hence, we can apply Fermat's Little Theorem:

Let's multiply both sides by n.

Thus

Isn't it ?

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- May 10th 2008, 09:14 PM #1

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- May 11th 2008, 08:20 AM #4

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