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- Nov 11th 2012, 03:26 AMkaya2345urgent help needed on proof question!!!!!!
The question has been attached as an image.

any help or light on this question would be hugely appreciated!!

thank you http://static1.tsrfiles.co.uk/4.7/im...lies/smile.png - Nov 12th 2012, 05:37 AMMAX09Re: urgent help needed on proof question!!!!!!
The first subproblem should be easier to solve in comparison with the second.

let's take a 4 digit number.

Recall that the decimal expansion of any number greater than 10 is of the form ...1000a_{4}+ 100a_{3}+ 10a_{2}+ a_{1}, where all a_{i}are positive integers Rearranging the digits of the number will also lead to a similar expansion, say 1000a_{3}+ 100a_{4}+ 10a_{1}+ a_{2}

Subtraction of the second from the first, or vice versa, will lead to a difference which will be like

900 a_{4}+ (-900) a_{3}+ 9a_{2}- 9a_{1}.

It isn't a big surprise that the difference is a multiple of 9.