If b>0 prove that lim_{n->infinity}^{1}/1+nb=0 using the limit definition.

I can't seem to make any headway in choosing my delta to make progress in this exercise.

Printable View

- October 2nd 2012, 02:03 PMrenolovexoxoLimits approaching infinity
If b>0 prove that lim

_{n->infinity}^{1}/1+nb=0 using the limit definition.

I can't seem to make any headway in choosing my delta to make progress in this exercise. - October 2nd 2012, 02:43 PMPlatoRe: Limits approaching infinity
- October 2nd 2012, 03:07 PMDevenoRe: Limits approaching infinity
what we need to do is show that for ANY ε > 0 (even, or perhaps especially the very tiny ones), we can find SOME positive integer N, such that:

for ALL n > N:

note we're not using "delta" because n isn't tending to a certain definite real number (|x - ∞| < δ doesn't make any sense). instead, we're using the idea that "close to infinity" means "really big".

we expect that if ε is very small, N should be quite large.

now:

(since we can insist n > 0 (we are, after all, going "all the way positive to infinity") and we know that b > 0).

if we want:

, then we want:

, so:

this suggests we pick , or N = 1 (just to keep N positive).

so, if we choose:

, we have for all n > N:

, as desired.

let's see how this works for a specific ε, and a specific b (we'll actually find the N that works).

suppose b = 2, and ε = 0.1 or 1/10.

according to what we did above, the integer N we want is:

N > (1/2)(9/10)(10) = 9/2, so we should pick N = 5.

note that 1/(1 + 2*4) = 1/9 > 1/10, so N = 4 doesn't work.

now if n ≥ 5:

1/(1 + 2n) < 1/11 < 1/10.