The other day, I was attempting to prove that if the sum of all the digits equal to then the number is divisible by . E.g. the number — the sum is equal to nine ( ) and we know for a fact that .
Let be an arbitrary number with an arbitrary number of digits. In expanded form, we can write
Now, assuming that the sum of all the digits equals to , we can write
But now I'm stuck. The proof is complete if we can somehow factor the number by breaking out a but I don't really see how I'm supposed to go about to achieve that. The binomial theorem doesn't prove very fruitful (I think) when substituting .