Hi guys, I'm new at number theory. So, Could you help with the following congruence equation.

Regards!

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- Nov 15th 2011, 01:14 PMSoromboMod 2011
Hi guys, I'm new at number theory. So, Could you help with the following congruence equation.

Regards! - Nov 16th 2011, 01:12 PMOpalgRe: Mod 2011
I think that this equation has no solutions. I started by writing it as (since ). The usual formula for a quadratic equation gives the solutions as , which you have to write as because 1006 is the inverse of 2 (mod 2011).

So we need to know whether 1341 has a square root (mod 2011). In the technical jargon, is 1341 a quadratic residue (mod 2011)? The easiest way to investigate that is to notice that 1341 is the inverse of 3 (mod 2011). So 1341 will be a quadratic residue if and only if 3 is. By Euler's criterion (which we can apply because 3 and 2011 are both prime), that will be the case if and only if But you can evaluate by writing 1005 = 512+256+128+64+32+8+4+1 and calculating those powers of 3 (mod 2011) by successive squaring and reducing mod 2011. The answer comes out as –1, not 1.

Thus 3 is not a quadratic residue (mod 2011) and therefore that congruence has no solutions.

**Edit**. If you know about quadratic reciprocity, then you can avoid the calculation of and get the result much more painlessly. - Nov 17th 2011, 04:58 PMSoromboRe: Mod 2011
I have a point I'd like to check, how could I prove that x is a quadratic residue modulo p if and only if its inverse is?

- Nov 18th 2011, 12:38 AMOpalgRe: Mod 2011