1) Show that if p is prime, is composite for a = 1,2,....,r and p is not a Fermat prime, where r is a positive integer, then has no solution.
2) The arithmetic funtion g is said to be the inverse of the arithmetic function f if f * g = g * f = i. Show that the arithmetic function f has an inverse if and only if f(1) does not equal 0. Show that if f has an inverse it is unique.
(Hint: When f(1) is not equal to 0, find the inverse of f by calculating recursively, using the fact that i(n) = summation .)