which number is larger?
Fellas, I have a question regarding quantitative comparisons.
Say we have, in column A, (78)(243) and in column B, (77)(244).
I'm asked to determine which is larger.
Is it a good strategy to pick out the first two numbers in each variable? So, in column A we would take (78)(24) and B would be (77)(24). Thus A is larger because 78>77.
What about A= (90,021)(100,210) and B=(90,210)(100,021)? Using my method, we have (900)(100) in A and (902)(100) in B. Thus, B is larger.
Is it possible to do this? Is there some law?
What does the notation (78)(243) mean? I mean, I normally think usual arithmetic product of the two numbers. But in number theory, you might have a different context.
Ok, so I would say that, given two numbers whose sum is a constant, their product is maximized when the two numbers are closer together (global max is when they are equal). So I would say instantly that the product in Column A is greater. You can prove this using calculus: assume The goal is to maximize the product So, let
Setting this equal to zero implies
(78)(243) = (77 + 1)(243) = 77 * 243 + 243
Originally Posted by sfspitfire23
(77)(244) = (77)(243 + 1) = 77 * 243 + 77
Very nice I get it, thanks!
Try to prove the following for a, b integers greater than 1.
You're welcome. undefined and AsZ's methods are also both entirely valid. AsZ's method might be generalized by proving that
ab > (a-m)(b+m).
You forgot to mention the restriction . (Edit: Possibly it was an intentional omission though.)
Originally Posted by Also sprach Zarathustra