# Thread: Linear Diophantine Equation question

1. ## Linear Diophantine Equation question

hi everyone .

i need a little help in a direction of how to start this question...

"For what values of c does 2x + 5y = c have exactly one strictly positive integer solution?"

im not very good with applying constraints to things . ive been told that a little bit of enumeration will be needed in near the end to get the answer though.

2. Originally Posted by melissaanderson
hi everyone .

i need a little help in a direction of how to start this question...

"For what values of c does 2x + 5y = c have exactly one strictly positive integer solution?"

im not very good with applying constraints to things . ive been told that a little bit of enumeration will be needed in near the end to get the answer though.

3. Thm: Given any $c\geq 0$, there exists exactly one solution $(x,y)$ such that $y=0$ or $y=1$. Proof: Given $c$, it is either even or odd. If $c$ is even then $(\frac{c}2,0)$ is a solution. If $c$ is odd, then $c-5$ is even, so $(\frac{c-5}2,1)$ is a solution. Call this initial solution $(x_0,y_0)$. (Note that if $c$ is odd but $c-5<0$, no positive solution exists, not even this initial one.)
Cor: Now for any $n=1,2,...$, $(x_0-5n,y_0+2n)$ is also a solution. To be a strictly positive solution, $x_0-5n\geq 0$, so $x_0\geq5$ for a second solution to exist.
Thus, for a second solution to NOT exist, $y_0=0$ or $y_0=1$, and $x_0<5$. So, consider the function $c(x,y)=2x+5y$ on the domain $(x,y)=(0 \to 4, 0 \to 1)$. These resulting values of $c$ are the ones for which only one positive $(x,y)$ solution exists.