A 10 digit number is made up of only 5s and 0s. It's also divisible by 9. How many possibilities are there for the number?
Working backwards, I cam e to the conclusion that it cannot end in a 0, as that would been there was a remainder of 9 from the previous number. Then if it ends in a 5, that means a remainder of 4 was there from the previous. Now that could mean the 2nd last digit is either 0 or 5. But I'm lost after that, don't think I can apply this reasoning till the first digit.
Nov 2nd 2009, 07:09 AM
So you are solving , where each . Since for all n, all you have is . Since is either 0 or 5, you really have for some k, which can only be 0 or 9. So you either have all zeroes, no fives, or 9 fives, 1 zero. There is one solution for the first option, and solutions for the second option, so your answer is 11.
Nov 2nd 2009, 07:28 AM
Hi Media Man.
Sorry I didn't follow what you did on:
Originally Posted by Media_Man
Since for all n, all you have is . Since is either 0 or 5, you really have for some k, which can only be 0 or 9.
So you divided the coefficients of each power of 10 by 9, and since each 10 leaves a remainder of 1, that equals 9 so they can be ignored. OK
Then how do you the next bit with the 5k?
Nov 2nd 2009, 07:35 AM
The jump to "so 9|5k" just means you are looking for a 10 digit number consisting of k 5's in any order whatsoever. In other words, the power of 10 for which they are coefficients is irrelevant. So 505=550=055 (mod 9), for example.
Nov 2nd 2009, 02:40 PM
Since the a's are either 0 or 5, when you add them, it's basically a multiple of 5, right? (if there are x a's that are equal to 5, then the sum of the digits will be 5x)
That's how Media_Man got: i.e. , where
You can think of it this way, do you know how to tell if a number is divisible by 9? (The sum of the digits should be divisible by 9, we kind of have a modified proof here for a 10 digit number) So, how many 5's should the number have so that when you sum up all the 5's, it should be divisible by 9?
I think the answer is actually 9 ... since 0 isn't a 10 digit number and 0555555555 isn't a 10 digit number either ... I guess it depends though ...
You can also check those 9 numbers by dividing them by 9 ... it's only 9 numbers :)
Nov 2nd 2009, 02:51 PM
There is a really simple way to solve this.
If an integer is divisible by nine the sum of the digits is multiple of nine.
To have a ten digit number then the string must begin with a 5 followed by eight 5ís and one 0 in any order.
So the answer is 9.