# Can anyone help with this problem on Force??

Show 40 post(s) from this thread on one page
Page 1 of 2 12 Last
• Sep 4th 2013, 09:45 AM
Jock
Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
A circulur column has a diameter of 80mm outside edge and 60mm inside edge.
Both ends are fixed with equal force being applied top and bottom.
Young's Modulus E = 200GN m-2
Yield Stress deltay = 140 MN m-2

What is the minimum length of column at which buckling is likely to happen?
If the column is half this length what load would you expect failure to occur?

Really struggling with this one if anyone can help id really appreciate it along with the working of how they came to their final answers......
• Sep 4th 2013, 12:15 PM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
Are you familiar with Euler's buckling equation?

$\displaystyle F_c = \frac {\pi^2 EI}{(KL)^2}$

where the factor 'K' is defined by the type of end supports - for both ends fixed K = 0.5.

If you divide through by the cross-sectional area of the column you get stress:

$\displaystyle \sigma_c = \frac {F_c} A = \frac {\pi^2 EI}{A(KL)^2 } = \frac {\pi^2 E}{(KL/r)^2}$ where r is the radius of gyration (ie I = Ar^2)

Given the value for yield stress this lets you find the value L that would result in buckling. Then use the first equation to find the resulting critical load. As for the third question - from dimensional analysis you can see what happens to F if L is divided by 2.
• Sep 4th 2013, 12:31 PM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
I seen this in an earlier post but didn't really follow it that great I am afraid and was looking for more detail with the info I had given plug into to follow it better if possible?....
• Sep 4th 2013, 12:51 PM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
From this equation:

$\displaystyle \sigma_c = \frac {F_c} A = \frac {\pi^2 EI}{A(KL)^2 }$

Rearrange to make 'L' the subject:

$\displaystyle L = \sqrt{\frac {\pi^2 EI}{\sigma_c AK^2}}$

From the dimensions you were given you will need to calculate values for I and A, and you have been given E and $\displaystyle \sigma_c$. What do you get for L?
• Sep 4th 2013, 12:58 PM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
Area= pi(R^2-r^2) Ixx=pi(R^4-r^4)/4
= pi(40^2-30^2) =pi(40^4-30^4)/4
=700pi which equals 2119.114858 =1374446.786 which equals 1.37x10^4

Is this correct so far?? As you can see I am really struggling with this!!!!
• Sep 4th 2013, 01:47 PM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
After further working I got
Area=pi(0.04^2-0.03^2)
=2.20x10^-3

I=pi(0.04^4-0.03^4)/4
=1.37x10^-6

ESR=[sqrt]pi^200x10^9/140x10^6
=118.74

Then I did 118.74x[sqrt] 1.37x10^-6/2.20x10^-3
=2.96

Is this any closer or along the right lines now??
• Sep 4th 2013, 02:44 PM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
After lots of number crunching I get the minimum length of buckling in the column to be 5.93 m is that correct?
• Sep 5th 2013, 04:55 AM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
Quote:

Originally Posted by Jock
After further working I got
Area=pi(0.04^2-0.03^2)
=2.20x10^-3

I=pi(0.04^4-0.03^4)/4
=1.37x10^-6

So far so good.

Quote:

Originally Posted by Jock
ESR=[sqrt]pi^200x10^9/140x10^6
=118.74

You forgot about I and the factor K.

Quote:

Originally Posted by Jock
Then I did 118.74x[sqrt] 1.37x10^-6/2.20x10^-3
=2.96
Is this any closer or along the right lines now??

I don't understand what you are attempting here.
• Sep 5th 2013, 04:55 AM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
Quote:

Originally Posted by Jock
After lots of number crunching I get the minimum length of buckling in the column to be 5.93 m is that correct?

Yes, I believe it is.
• Sep 5th 2013, 05:18 AM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
so for mode of failure for a the beam stated I found the beam will buckle I got a load of failure of 3.143x10^-19. And if the column is half the length of 5.93m the load I would expect failure to occur would be 1.257x10^-20 therefore failure by yielding. Does that all seem correct?
• Sep 5th 2013, 06:33 AM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
I get a different result. If you get a result for buckling load that is on the order of 10^-19 newtons you should recognize immediately that it can't possibly be correct.
• Sep 5th 2013, 06:45 AM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
I thought that and the same with the second. I cant seem to see where I am going wrong though and hence struggling to work out the right answer.....
• Sep 5th 2013, 06:57 AM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
Show us the math. You're using

$\displaystyle F_c = \frac {\pi^2 E I}{(KL)^2}$

right? You found the length L, so plug and chug. Alternatively you can simpl use $\displaystyle F_c = \sigma_c A$. Also, whenever you do egineering calculations you should always include units, because messing up units is a sure-fire way to go wrong.
• Sep 5th 2013, 07:07 AM
Jock
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
sure I have pi^2x200x10^9x140^6/(0.5x5.93)^2 for the first one and for the one half the length I have pi^2x200x10^9x140x10^6/(0.5x2.965)^2 hope you find the errors of my ways.....
• Sep 5th 2013, 07:20 AM
ebaines
Re: Can anyone help with this problem on Force??
Quote:

Originally Posted by Jock
sure I have pi^2x200x10^9x140^6/(0.5x5.93)^2 for the first one

That would give you 3.14 x 10^19, which is cearly not right either. Why did you include the factor 140x10^6? You should be using the value for I there, not stress. I'll say it again - include units in your calculation and you won't make this type of error.

Quote:

Originally Posted by Jock
and for the one half the length I have pi^2x200x10^9x140x10^6/(0.5x2.965)^2 hope you find the errors of my ways.....

Same problem as above. You can actually do a bit of a shortcut on this, recognizing that there is an L^2 term in the denominator. If you cut L in half, what does 1/ L^2 become?
Show 40 post(s) from this thread on one page
Page 1 of 2 12 Last