I am having problems with a covariance question in my time series class.
Suppose you have a time series t_0, t_1 ... t_n and have an AR Model such that
r_t = phi_0 + phi_1*r_(t-1) + phi_2*r_(t-2) + a_t
where a_t is a white noise process with mean zero and sd = sigma^2
I am asked to find the variance and I have most of it except for the Cov(r_(t-1) , r_(t-2))
Furthermore what I am confused about is how does one go from
Cov(r_(t-1) , r_(t-2)) = E[ (r(t-1) - mu) (r(t-2) - mu) ] to the following:
phi_1*E[ (r(t-2) - mu) (r_(t-2) - mu) ] = phi_2*E[ (r_(t-3) - mu) (r_(t-2) - mu) ]
I know there is an intermediate step I do not understand here. Would someone please explain it.
Thank you very much for answering my question!