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Math Help - matrix multiplication

  1. #1
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    matrix multiplication

    { 3 2 } x { a b } = { 1 0 }
    { 1 -1 } { c d } { 0 1 }

    So, what is:
    { a b } = { 1 0 } x Inv. { 3 2 }
    { c d } { 0 1 } { 1 -1 }

    can any help me figure it out this matrix
    its do to with "inverse"


    thanks in advance
    Last edited by karimwahab; February 15th 2009 at 08:21 PM.
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  2. #2
    Grand Panjandrum
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    Quote Originally Posted by karimwahab View Post
    (3 2) + (a b) = (1 0)
    (1 -1) (c d) (0 1)

    can any help me figure it out this matrix
    its do to with "inverse"


    thanks in advance
    Why does this show a "+" sign?

    CB
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  3. #3
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    Inverse of a 2x2 matrix

    Hello karimwahab
    Quote Originally Posted by karimwahab View Post
    { 3 2 } x { a b } = { 1 0 }
    { 1 -1 } { c d } { 0 1 }

    So, what is:
    Quote Originally Posted by karimwahab View Post
    { a b } = { 1 0 } x Inv. { 3 2 }
    { c d } { 0 1 } { 1 -1 }

    can any help me figure it out this matrix
    its do to with "inverse"


    thanks in advance
    I'm not entirely sure what you mean by the part in red, but the first part is clear enough. It is:

    \begin{pmatrix}3&2\\1&-1 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d \end{pmatrix}=\begin{pmatrix}1&0\\0&1 \end{pmatrix}

    Now the matrix \begin{pmatrix}1&0\\0&1 \end{pmatrix} is called the Identity Matrix, usually denoted by I. This matrix has the special property that when any other 2x2 matrix is multiplied by it (either on the left or the right) then that matrix is unchanged - it keeps its identity. In other words, for any matrix A:

    A\times I = I\times A = A

    You then need to know that, if A and B are 2x2 matrices and A\times B = I, then A and B are inverses of each other. This is written B= A^{-1} and A = B^{-1}.

    So the matrix \begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d \end{pmatrix} is the inverse of the matrix \begin{pmatrix}3&2\\1&-1 \end{pmatrix}. There's a formula for the inverse of a 2x2 matrix here: The inverse of a 2x2 matrix - mathcentre

    If you use that formula, you'll find that:

    \begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d \end{pmatrix} = \frac{1}{5} \begin{pmatrix}1&2\\1&-3 \end{pmatrix}

    I hope that answers the question.

    Grandad
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  4. #4
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    Talking

    If you're not familiar with the general process, try some online lessons regarding finding matrix inverses.

    If you are asking how to complete the exercise, try some online lessons regarding matrix multiplication. (This lesson has an animation that some students find helpful.)

    Have fun!
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