I Really have no idea about how to approach this one...
2/[y(y+1)] can be expressed in form 2/y - 2/y+1
That's called "partial fractions". Suppose . Multiply on both sides by y(y+1) to get rid of the fractions: . That must be true for all y so you can take any value for y you want. In particular, taking y= 0 give 2= A and taking y= -1 gives 2= -B.