# Thread: Complex number-binomial theorem, real and imaginary

1. ## Complex number-binomial theorem, real and imaginary

If z=a+bi, where a and b are real, use the binomial theorem to find the real and imaginary parts of z^5 and (z*)^5, (z*) stand for conjugate of z

2. Hello, kingkaisai2!

. . You don't know the binomial theorem?
. . You can't handle $\displaystyle i^3$ ?

If $\displaystyle z=a+bi$, where a and b are real, use the binomial theorem
to find the real and imaginary parts of $\displaystyle z^5$ and $\displaystyle (\overline{z})^5$

$\displaystyle (a + bi)^5\;=\;a^5 + 5a^4(bi) + 10a^3(bi)^2 +$$\displaystyle 10a^2(bi)^3 + 5a(bi)^4 + (bi)^5 . . . . . . \displaystyle = \;a^5 + 5a^4bi - 10a^3b^2 - 10a^2b^3i + 5ab^4 - b^5i . . . . . . \displaystyle = \;\underbrace{(a^5 - 10a^3b + 5ab^4)} + \underbrace{(5a^4b - 10a^2b^3 - b^5)}i . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R . . . . . . . . . . . . . I \displaystyle (a - bi)^5\;=\;a^5 + 5a^4(-bi) + 10a^3(-bi)^2 +$$\displaystyle 10a^2(-bi)^3 + 5a(-bi)^4 + (-bi)^5$

. . . . . . $\displaystyle = \;a^5 - 5a^4bi - 10a^3b^2 + 10a^2b^3i + 5ab^4 + b^5i$

. . . . . . $\displaystyle = \;\underbrace{(a^5 - 10a^3b + 5ab^4)} - \underbrace{(5a^4b - 10a^2b^3 - b^5)}i$
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .R . . . . . . . . . . . . . I

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# complex binomial expension

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