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Math Help - Falling Bodies?

  1. #1
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    Falling Bodies?

    If a ball is thrown vertically upward from the roof of a 64 foot building with a velocity of 80 ft/s, it's height after t sexonds is s(t)=64+80t-16t^2. What is the maximum height the ball reaches? What is the velocity of the ball when it hits the ground?
    A body is thrown straight up with initial velocity 5 feet per second from a height of 40 feet. After how many seconds will it hit the ground? What will be its maximum height?
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  2. #2
    Rhymes with Orange Chris L T521's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by keemariee View Post
    If a ball is thrown vertically upward from the roof of a 64 foot building with a velocity of 80 ft/s, it's height after t sexonds is s(t)=64+80t-16t^2. What is the maximum height the ball reaches? What is the velocity of the ball when it hits the ground?
    A body is thrown straight up with initial velocity 5 feet per second from a height of 40 feet. After how many seconds will it hit the ground? What will be its maximum height?
    You can use calculus or algebra to solve this. Do you know calculus or algebra or both? I don't want to do a problem one way when it should be done another way!!
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    i'm finishing up in a calculus class... its basically self-taught so it's extremely hard and we're all struggling to understand everything fully.
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    Rhymes with Orange Chris L T521's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by keemariee View Post
    If a ball is thrown vertically upward from the roof of a 64 foot building with a velocity of 80 ft/s, it's height after t sexonds is s(t)=64+80t-16t^2. What is the maximum height the ball reaches? What is the velocity of the ball when it hits the ground?
    A body is thrown straight up with initial velocity 5 feet per second from a height of 40 feet. After how many seconds will it hit the ground? What will be its maximum height?
    Quote Originally Posted by keemariee View Post
    i'm finishing up in a calculus class... its basically self-taught so it's extremely hard and we're all struggling to understand everything fully.
    since we have our position function s(t)=64+80t-16t^2, we can differentiate it to find the velocity:

    v(t)=s^{/}(t)=80-32t. The projectile is at it's maximum height when v(t)=0. Thus, we see that:

    80-32t=0 \rightarrow 32t=80 \rightarrow t=2.5 seconds. To find the value of the maximum height, we plug the t value into the position function, s(t).

    max height: s(2.5)=64+80(2.5)-16(2.5)^2=\color{red}164\space ft.

    to find the maximum velocity when it strikes the ground, find where s(t)=0 and then plug the value into v(t).

    64+80t-16t^2=0 \rightarrow t^2-5t-4=0 when t=\frac{5\pm \sqrt{25+16}}{2}=-.702\space or\space 5.702.

    We take the positive value and substitute it into velocity:

    v(5.702)=80-32(5.702)=-102.45. The negative tells us its direction (down). It will have a velocity of \color{red}102.45\frac{ft}{s} as it hits the ground.

    For the second question, first come up with s(t).

    s(t)=s_0+v_0 t+\frac{1}{2}gt^2. We know s_0=40\space ft, v_0=5\frac{ft}{s}, and g=32\frac{ft}{s^2}. Our equation now becomes:

    s(t)=40+5t-16t^2.

    Why don't you try this one yourself? If you get stuck, I'll be here to help.
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