# Calculating ion concentrations

• Jan 6th 2008, 03:46 PM
johett
Calculating ion concentrations
Calculate the concentration of hydronium ions in each solution.
-->17.9mL of 0.175mol/L HNO3 added to 35.4mL of 0.0160mol/L Ca(OH)2

Calculate the concentration of hydroxide ions in each solution.
-->16.5mL of 1.50mol/L H2SO4 added to 12.7mL of 5.50mol/L NaOH.

Thanks!
• Jan 7th 2008, 04:15 AM
Quote:

Calculate the concentration of hydronium ions in each solution.
-->17.9mL of 0.175mol/L HNO3 added to 35.4mL of 0.0160mol/L Ca(OH)2
$\displaystyle \frac {0.0179*0.175*1-0.0354*0.0160*2}{.0179+.0354}=.0375M$

All you are doing is multiplying the number of Litres by the number of molecules in each Litre to get the number of molecules then multiplying by the number of ions in a molecule to get the number of ions. Then you cancel out the Hydronium and Hydroxide ions that combine to form water and divide by the number of Litres to get the number of ions per Litre. Have a shot at the second one yourself.
• Jan 7th 2008, 11:27 AM
johett
this is what I got for the second one...

H2SO4=0.0165L x 1.50mol/L NaOH=0.0354L x 0.0160mol/L
= 0.02475mol = 0.0005664mol

Amount excess: 0.02475-0.0005664
= 0.0241836mol

Total Volume=0.0165L+0.0005664L
=0.0170664L

A: 0.02418mol/0.01707L
= 1.42mol/L

...but the answer is suppose to be 0.697mol/L
• Jan 7th 2008, 02:49 PM
There are 2 mistakes here, but I think have got the general idea. First, $\displaystyle H_2SO_4$ will donate 2 $\displaystyle H^+$ ions so you need to multiply the number of mol of$\displaystyle H_2SO_4$ by 2 to get the number of $\displaystyle H^+$ ions.