Right cant remember my physics very well but pretty sure its just...
which in his case is
which gives
Kevin has a mass of 78.5 kg and is skating with in-line skates.
He sees his 22.50 kg younger brother up ahead standing on the sidewalk,
with his back turned.
Coming up from behind, he grabs his brother and rolls off at a speed of 1.95 m/s.
Ignoring friction, find Kevin's speed just before he grabbed his brother.
in m/s
i'm not sure if this is for collisions in one or two dimensions, or both?
We aren't told that energy is conserved, so we cannot assume it. Also, since this is an archetypal inelastic collision problem, I can guarantee that energy is not conserved.
So consider momentum conservation. There are two objects before the collision and (effectively) only one afterward. Set a coordinate system with +x in the direction that Kevin is initially moving in. At the collision point there are no net external forces acting on the two brothers, so momentum is conserved during the collision. So:
Kevin's brother is not moving initially so we have that .
Thus
-Dan